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Emmanuel Jospeh Sieyes




Abbe Sieyes

In the Third Estate , Sieyes efficiently explains his point with a grate deal of facts and detail. By stating that the class with the largest percent of people barely have a say in their country’s laws or at the very least the politics. Instead the few nobles and aristocrats were the only ones with a vote that had an impact on the political topic. Together the lower class had all of one vote. One could imagine how little influence this one vote carried. Sieyes bluntly tells his audience that it is almost ironic how the people that worked the country and economy basically had no say in anything. Instead it is the privileged that go to riding parties and balls. Most do not know the hardships and cruelty that life sufficiently supplies. Abbe Sieyes ends the Third Estate by unifying the country. He successfully states that a country cannot be dictated by simply a king or a queen or by nobles or even by the poor. “The Third State embraces then all that which belongs to the nation, what is the Third Estate? It is the whole”. This concluding sentence itself justifies Sieyes’s thoughts.

What is the Third Estate Pamphlet

After the third Estate pamphlet, Sieyes had major influence on his fellow French men. He suggested that the National Assembly reunite under the Third Estate and strongly disapproved of the confiscation of Church lands. Sieyes was then elected fortnightly president of the Constitution Assembly. When Sieyes took up this post he was excluded from the Legislative Assembly. After this Sieyes disengaged from the political scene only to reappear to vote for the death of King Louis XVI. Sieyes did not dislike the King or the monarchy itself, however, he did dislike the uncontrolled power of the monarch. He felt that the monarch’s power should be controlled by a constitution of the government. After the King’s execution, Sieyes once again disengaged from politics, enabling him to simply live through the Rein of Terror.

After the Reign of Terror, Abbe Sieyes decided to go on a diplomatic mission. This mission sent him to The Hague. He helped draw up a treaty between the French and Batavian republics. After this The Directory offered him the position of Director of the Republic, however, he promptly declined the offer because he vehemently resented the constitution of 1795. Three years later Sieyes went to the court of Berlin in attempt to persuade Prussia to ally with France against, he was nevertheless offered Director of France. He diligently accepted on may 9, 1799 at the age of 51. Although he accepted this position he plotted to overthrow the Directory. He attempted to undermine the constitution without immediate success.

With the success of the Napoleon Bonaparte campaign, Sieyes stopped plotting ways to overthrow the Directory. Sieyes completed the French Constitution only to have it completely revised by Napoleon. The new copy was named the Constitution of the Year VII, which became the foundation of the French Constitution. Sieyes essentially defended Napoleon in arbitrary and illegal acts that allowed Bonaparte to rid himself of any "leading Jacobins". After this Abbe Sieyes went into retirement with no intent on returning to the political scene.

Sieyes was restless and did not stay in his retirement did not last long. Sieyes soon became the first senator of France. Eventually Sieyes achieved a quiet retirement. He then left France only to return after the July Revolution in 1830. Emmanuel Joseph Sieyes lived six more years and then quietly died in 1836 at the old age of 88.

Mr. Wilson's Modern World History